Wednesday, August 22, 2007

Goat Farming By Farzana Panhwar

GOAT FARMING, ITS MANAGEMENT & PROBLEMS IN SINDH-PAKISTAN
By: Farzana Panhwar (Mrs.)About the Author
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IntroductionIn the year 1996 the total goat population in Pakistan was 41166,000 heads, while in Sindh it was 9,734,000 heads.In the year 1999-00 total goat population in the country was 47426,ooo heads, while the male population, one year and above was 6010,000 heads, the female one year and above was 25755,000 heads and young stock less than one year was 15661,000 heads.In the year 1999-00, in Pakistan the gross production for milk from goat was 31,804,000 tonnes, while goat milk consumption was 25,566,000 tonnes.In the year 1999-00 in Pakistan the goat meat production was 218,000 tonnes/million, goat skin production was 23.3 million No., goat hair production was 18,000 tonnes.In the year 1999-00 in Pakistan the total fodder production was 2,64,900 hectares out of which in Sindh was 365,700 hectares. The total fodder production in Pakistan was 22.7 per hectare in tonnes, out of which in Sindh ,fodder crop production was 25.0 per hectares in tonnes.
GeneralGoat raising have an advantage of early maturity, smaller gestation period, prolifically (twins, triplets, quadruplets are common), short inter-location interval at the same time showing wide range of adaptability.
The following table show goat population for milk and meat production.
Pakistan-goat population (1000 head).
Item
Annual Ave. Trien-nium ending 1979
Annual Ave. Trien-nium ending 1982
Compound Annual Growth Rate
1980
1981
1982
Pakistan goat population
25655.0
32883.0
8.6%
30203
32808
35638
Worlds goat population
437625.3
467416.0
2.2%
461445
468019
472784
Pakistan milking goat population
340.3
430.7
8.2%
406
441
445
World milking goat population
7066.7
7522.0
2.1%
7356
7515
7695
Pakistan goat meat population
151.3
190.7
8.0%
178
194
200
World goat meat population
1839.3
2046.3
3.6%
1974
2057
2108
Some of the meat, milk and fibre goats are:
Beetal, Jamunapari, Malabari (milk), Sirohi, black Bengal, Assam local, Barbari, Shinghari (meat), Chegu Changthangi, (Pashmina) and Deccani (Mohair).
Goat husbandry ManagementThe management of goat husbandry divided in to five groups.
1 - Intensive system.
The goat are grouped according to sex and age wise and these groups are separately confined to a shed, in the shed owner supply nutrition packages to the breed, the rate of death is highest under this system.
2 - Semi-Intensive system.
In this system animals are kept under confinement for a limited time, but animals have freedom to move freely in a restricted area, this system is economically costly due to need of capital investment in sheds, fencing and management.
3 - Tethering.
In this case animals are kept on public ground, having enough vegetation. Goat are not segregated on the basis of age and sex.
4 - Semi-extensive system.
In this system, animals are grazed on public pasture land in the night they are kept in the fenced shelter.
5 - Extensive system.
During dry summer season, when grasses and wild plant disappears and water becomes scarce, many herdsmen join together and migrate to the area, in search of pasture and water.
Indigenous knowledge of goat farming.
In rural area of Sindh, we have large agricultural fields, where the goats are allowed to certain areas, where they graze. The farmers of Sindh, use indigenous knowledge, like they spread goat dropping in the field, apply flood irrigation, to the field, when goat dropping absorbed water, they start smelling, this smell keeps the goats away from a particular field, which farmer wants to save from the movement and destruction by goats. This way goats dropping keeps the goats away from growing fields.
Conclusion
Problems face by goat industry. These are as under:
Low quality of breeding stock and limited supply of genetically improved goat breeds.
Poor nutrition, feeding, housing, herd management and health program and other husbandry practices for the small holder production system.
Inadequate or ineffective extension services due to lack of trained goat technicians.
Lack of organized marketing channel, price control system.
Lack of transport facilities to handle live goat and goat milk.
Lack of technically trained personnel in integrated goat farming system.

About the author:Farzana Panhwar (Mrs.)157-C, Unit No.2, Latifabad, Hyderabad (Sindh), Pakistan.E-mail: farzanapanhwar@hotmail.comFax: 92-21-5830826 and 92-221-860410

14 comments:

Arsalan said...

Dear madam, i came across your blog while doing a class project. You are doing a lot of great work for the livestock industry, and your efforts deserve a lot more appreciation. Unfortunately in our country, such recognition is usually not forthcoming. However, please do keep up your excellent research, you are doing a great job !

Navid Aziz said...

I am an airforce officer, who is a wild life enthusiast and plans to pursue cattle/goat farming. I just inadvertantly found your blog. It was indeed heartening to see a lady with such vast experience, expetise and contribution in a field which is generally perceived to be exclusively for men. Keep up the good work. We are proud of you.

ajmal said...

dear madam. i intend making a goat farm in dec 09. i would like to be benifited from your experience.my cell no is 03214247918. if you could drop your contact no at ajmalmirza@hotmail.com i will be really greatful. thanks

Tipu said...

I am going to make a goat farm in one month time and it is nice to read ur recommendations, i would follow them...

akhtar hussain said...

Dear madam its really encouraging to know that you are working hard in agriculture field.please keep it up and share your knowledge so that everyone could take benefit of it.i am also trying to pursue goat farming i would like to take benefit of your enormous knowledge.

ANEESA said...

i ahve no word to admire u but it is a blessing of all mighty ALLAH
can you guide us that how to start goat farming in pakistan and please tell us minimum invesment in this regards

hoping ur responce

ANEESA said...

i ahve no word to admire u but it is a blessing of all mighty ALLAH
can you guide us that how to start goat farming in pakistan and please tell us minimum invesment in this regards

hoping ur responce

ANEESA said...

i ahve no word to admire u but it is a blessing of all mighty ALLAH
can you guide us that how to start goat farming in pakistan and please tell us minimum invesment in this regards

hoping ur responce

sardar fahid said...

dear madam my name is fahid and i want to start a goat form in azad kashmir.pleas tell me how many kanal land is needed for 100 goats? And how many area of shed is needed? How many men power is needf? I would like to know full details. Pleas send me all details about goats forming. Thanking you my e mail i d (sardarfahad49@yahoo.com) thanks again

imtiaz memon said...

dear mam, i intend to estabilish goat farm, would u please guide me. salmannpr@gmail.com

imtiaz memon said...

dear mam, i intend to estabilish goat farm, would u please guide me. salmannpr@gmail.com

Muhammad Farooq said...

Dear Madam,
I want to establish a goat form with in 1, 1 1/2 Month. I want to buy 70 he goats of age aprox 2 to 3 months and targets to sell these he goats one month before 2013 Eid Ul Azha. Previously i have no experience of goat farming and i belong to Chishtian distt Bahawalnagar. Kindly help me in this regard mode of management, Types of goat suitable for this purpose, Land requirement for form, Land requirement for feed ( Chaara ) and other matters.

Madam i will be highly thankful for your timely support. Your guidance an support will be o source of motivation for me.

Muhammad Farooq said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Ch.Tayyab Advocate said...

Mam at 1st i have read you article in a foreigner website on goats. Today i was searching on goat farming and traced your blog and i surprised to read your great work and excellent effort. You are really great and ASSET of PAKISTAN. May ALLAH Bless you. I have no words for you but only prayers and best wishes. Govt. should appreciate and recognize your efforts with Medals and atleast one institution should given or establish with your Great name. GOD BESS You